Yangon and around
Yangon is the main gateway to Myanmar and the former Capital of Myanmar. It was named by King Alaung Phaya (U Aung Zeya) after he had conquered Dagon in 17th century. It was known as Capital since January 4th, 1948 (Independent Day of Myanmar). Though Nay Pyi Taw becomes the Capital of Myanmar, it still remains as a commercial city. It was founded by King Alaung Phaya on the side of a small village like town called Dagon when he conquered lower Myanmar in 1755. The name of Yangon is "End of enmity and danger". City has beautiful Lakes; Kandawgyi Lake and Inya Lake, one of the world's largest gold gilt sputa - Shwedagon Pagoda, Parks with trees aged more than 3 or 4 decades such as Hlawgar Park.
Around Yangon, Bago (Pegu), an ancient Capital in 2nd Myanmar Empire was founded, Thanlyin where Portuguese occupied in 17th Century by crossing the 1822 meter long bridge over Bago River, and Twante (a famous place for earthen pot and jar are produced in traditional way) can be visited.
Places to see
• Shwedagon Pagoda
• Maha Wizaya Pagoda
• Sule Pagoda
• Botahtaung Pagoda
• Chauk Htat Gyi
• Kabar Aye Pagoda
• Koe Htat Gyi
• Kyaikkalo Kyaikkalei
• Kyauktawgyi Pagoda
• Maelamu Pagoda
• Ngar Htat Gyi
• National Museum
• Bogyoke Market (Scott Market)
• Bogyoke Museum
• Kandawgyi Garden
• Gems Museum
• Karaweik Hall
• Yangon Zoological Garden
• People’s Park and Square
• National Races Village
• Allied War Memorial Cemetery
The Shwedagon Pagoda is one of the most famous pagodas in the world and it is certainly the main attraction of Yangon, Myanmar’s capital city.
Locally known as Shwedagon Zedi Daw, it sits atop of a hill and is 99 meters high. It can be seen from most places of Yangon day and night as the golden roof illuminates the city.
According to some, the pagoda is 2,600 years old, making Shwedagon the oldest pagoda in the world.
The Sule Pagoda is an excellent landmark. It is said to be over 2,000 years old and contains a hair given by the Buddha to two Burmese merchants. Located on a roundabout in downtown Yangon. The golden pagoda is unusual in that its octagonal shape continues right up to the bell and inverted bowl. It is surrounded by small shops and all the familiar non-religious services such as of astrologists, palmists, and so on.
The Botahtaung Pagoda is located on the Botahtaung Paya Road. Situated beside the Yangon River, the Botahtaung Pagoda means literally the Pagoda of the thousand military leaders and they were the ones who escorted the relics of the Buddha brought from India over two thousand years ago.The Botahtaung Pagoda was a famous Land-mark on Yangon's waterfront. Pagoda is hollow inside and you can walk through it.
The National Museum thus is a treasure chest of priceless stone inscriptions. documents. carvings. Paintings and a host of other artifacts that testify to the ancient culture and civilization of the Myanmar people. Anyone who has made a tour of the museum will come away with greater knowledge and understanding of Myanmar and its people.
Bogyoke Market (Scott Market)
Bogyoke Aung San Market inaugurated in 1926, is the most popular market of Yangon and Myanmars as well.A wide range of Myanmar souvenirs are available at this market attracting every foreign visitor guests also visit the market to buy trendy clothes and assessories, Gold,gems & jewelry page. The Union of Myanmar is the golden land where gold, silver and various kinds of gems and jewelry are abundant. Myanmar ruby, sapphire, jade and pearl are famous for their best quality in the international market. Those gems and jewelry whether they are in rough or uncut form or polish cabochon, faceted or as jewelry can be bought in Yangon internationally known great Bogyoke Aung San Market.
Kandawgyi Garden or Kandawgyi Nature Park is a popular recreation centre of the capital of Yangon. The area of the Garden is 110 acres, water areas is 150 acres, which makes it a total of 260 acres. You can find a variety of beautiful flowers, the natural scene of the lake water and large shady trees. There are also an orchid garden, the children play-ground, Mini Zoo, the souvenir shops and many restaurants. The playgrounds and picnic areas are favourite spots for children and teenagers. The beauty of Karaweik Hall also shows a unique work of art to be explored in the heart of Kandawgyi Lake. Kandawgyi meaning "the great lake" in Myanmar is a well-known place in Yangon.
Allied War Memorial Cemetery
The Allied War Memorial Cemetery is located at Htauk Kyant,Mingaladon Township, 32km from Yangon, on the way to Bago. It was built in 1951. It is a memorial cemetery of the Allied soldiers who died in the Myanmar Campaign during World War II. The cemetery is peaceful and its beautifully kept grounds has 27,000 stone graves of fallen Commonwealth and Allied soldiers. Htauk Kyant War cemetery is the largest of the three war cemeteries in Myanmar.
Bago ( Pegu @ Hamsavati)
Bago was founded by Mons. Historically, it is called Honsawatoi - from Pali Hamsavati. Today, it is also known as Bago or Hanthawadi. Around 1056, Capital became under the ruling of Myanmar -by The Great King Anawyahtar, the founder of 1st Myanmar Empire in the Bagan age. Mon re-gained their power when Bagan was destroyed in 1287 and founded Pegu @ Bago known as Hantharwaddy. During the Reign of The King Razadarit, Bago and Ava Kingdom were fightings causing wars for 40 years. Finally King Razadarit's daughter, Queen Shin Saw Pu ended the 40 years of war with Ava Kingdom, and she chose Dhammazedi (who was formerly Buddhist Monk before Kinghood) to succeed her. At the time of Dhammazedi, Bago became a Center of Trading of Myanmar. As Bago was the Major habour port city of Myanmar at that time, a lot of foreign merchants including Europeans visited to City and left the comments on City's Magnificence.
The City's Magnificence are being seen till now including re-built Palace of King Bayint Naung (the founder of 3rd Myanmar Empire) whose palace was recorded for its Maginificently Glorious with Complete Gold showing the country's wealth and power of the time.
Places to see
• Kyaik Pun Pagoda
• Shwe Thar Lyaung Buddha Image (Reclining Buddha Image)
• Shwe Maw Daw Pagoda
• Kanbawzathadi Palace Site and Museum
• Maha Kalyani Ordination Hall
• Mahacedi Pagoda
• Koe Thein Koe Than Pagoda
• Shwegugalay Pagoda
• Saw Nan Nwal Pagoda
Kyaik Pun Pagoda
Kyaikpun Pagoda (also written Kyaik Pun Paya) is a misleading translation, as it is not a pagoda, in true sense of the word, but rather a "temple" comprising huge four images of different Buddhas facing the cardinal directions. They sit back to back against a massive brick pillar. They represent Gautama Buddha (facing north), Konagamana (south), Kakusandha (east) and Kassapa (west). This temple is a few hundred feet off the Yangon-Bago road.
Shwe Thar Lyaung Buddha Image (Reclining Buddha Image)
Shwetharlyaung Pagoda has a Buddha, which at the length of 55 metres and a height of 16 metres, is the second largest Buddha in the world, after the 74 m reclining Buddha in Dawei (Tavoy). The Buddha is believed to have been built in 994, during the reign of Mon King Migadepa. It’s easy to see why Shwethalyaung Reclining Buddha Statue is one of the most sacred and revered elephants in Myanmar. The huge size makes visitors overwhelmed and felt small before the greatness and grandeur of the Buddha. Each stage in the life of The Lord Buddha is described in different posture, and Buddha in the reclining position represents the holiest period when he began the final stage of nirvana and reached to the completed enlightenment.
Shwe Maw Daw Pagoda
At 114 m in height, the Shwemadaw holds the record for the tallest pagoda in the country. It is similar to and taller than the Shwedagon Pagoda in Yangon, but somewhat less impressive. According to murky legend the original stupa was a small, ramshackle object, built by two brothers, Kullasala and Mahasala, to enshrine two hairs given to them by Gautama Buddha. In AD 982 a sacred tooth was added to the collection; in 1385 another tooth was added and the stupa was rebuilt to a towering 277ft. In 1492 strong winds blew over the hti and a new one was raised. The Shwemawdaw Paya is a particularly good destination during Bago’s annual pagoda festival, in March/April.
Kanbawzathadi Palace Site and Museum
Located in the south of the famous Shwemawdaw Paya, Kanbawzathadi Palace is one of the famous historical sites preserved and restored in large scale in Myanmar. The palace is designed in a U-shaped with prominent central peak. Visitors will be amazed at the sophisticated structure painted with brilliant gold. There are 20 gates leading into it so inner space is bright and airy. The inside of palace is decorated with statues, paintings, sculptures and especially a number of artifacts representing ancient cultures Myanmar displayed in the small octagon-shaped museum as well as scattered in the palace, such as glazed tiles, pots, some weaponry, Golden Throne, Royal Coach of King Bayinnaung and so on. Tourists will regret if Kanbawzathadi Palace is not a part of the Bago tours. Let explore it to learn the history and culture of the ancient capital of Mon Kingdom.
Places around Bago
• Moe Yun Gyi Inn (Moe Yun Gyi Wet Land)
• Pyin Pone Gyi (Dried Fish Workshop)
• Acient Chinese Temple
• Tha Nat Pin (Hindu Spiritual Monastery)
Moe Yun Gyi Inn (Moe Yun Gyi Wet Land)
Set in a prime location of Bago, Moe Yun Gyi Wildlife Sanctuary & Wetlands Resort puts everything the city has to offer just outside your doorstep. The hotel offers guests a range of services and amenities designed to provide comfort and convenience. Facilities like laundry service, airport transfer, restaurant, concierge, bicycle rental are readily available for you to enjoy. Each guestroom is elegantly furnished and equipped with handy amenities. The hotel offers various recreational opportunities. Discover all Bago has to offer by making Moe Yun Gyi Wildlife Sanctuary & Wetlands Resort your base.Set in a prime location of Bago, Moe Yun Gyi Wildlife Sanctuary & Wetlands Resort puts everything the city has to offer just outside your doorstep. The hotel offers guests a range of services and amenities designed to provide comfort and convenience.
Thanlyin formerly known as Syriam is now a major port city of Myanmar, located across Bago River from the city of Yangon. The City was also called "Tanyin" by Myanmar people. The largest Port Thilawa is located in Thanlyin. This place was known as port city since 1539 in Taungoo Period. In later years of 1500, Thanlyin was defeted by King of Rakhine. As per the records, the war troop of Rakhine King was led by Filipe de Brito (Filipe de Britio e Nicote) who was official trade representative of Rakhine. Therefore, he was made Governor of the City by Rakhine King. Brito declared the independence to his Rakhine masters in 1603 and he successfully established Portuguese rule in 1604 and 1605 till Myanmar King A Naut Phat Lun Min re-captured the city, and executed Philip De Brito by impalement ( off the head) as a punishment reserved for defilers of Buddhist Temple in 1613. Thanlyin remained as the port of Taungoo kingdom until 18th century until the time when King Alaung Paya of 3rd Myanamr Empire founder shift the port to Yangon in 1756.
Places to see
• Kyaik Kauk Pagoda
• Ye Le Pagoda
• National Races Village
Kyaik Kauk Pagoda
The Kyaik Khauk Pagoda was built on a hillock named Hlaing Pote Kone on the road from Thanlyin to Kyauktan.It is Mon-style stupa similar to Shwedagon Pagoda. The pagoda was built by the Mon King Cula Thirimasoka of Thaton in the Buddhist Era 241. Kyaik Khauk Pagoda had been successively repaired and renovated by 18 kings who reigned Myanmar.
Ye Le Pagoda
Yele Pagoda at Kyauktan means the Pagoda in mid-stream on a laterite reef. The Pagoda is also known as Kyaik Mhaw Won Pagoda. The pagoda was built by King Zeyasana, the seventh king of the Pada Dynasty in the third century BC. The height of the original pagoda was only 11ft. The only way to get into the pagoda is by the boat. Foreigners are required to sit at a "larger boat" which differs from the smaller ones that the locals take due to "security purposes".
National Races Village
National Races Village is located near Thanlyin Bridge. Thaketa Township. Yangon. National races village was constructed by Ministry of Progress of Border Areas and National Races and Development Affairs is situated in Tharketa Township. on the left of Yangon-Thanlyin Bridge.
Twante was the ancient city of Mon people in age of Hantharwaddy and it is 24 Km away from Yangon. Visitors can get there by boat or cruise and by car and it will take about 3 hours by boat or cruise and takes about two hours by car. Twante is famous for its pottery and cotton weaving industries. If we go to Twante by cruise such as R.V Mahaythi, we can see the way of life along Twante canal which was dug during the colonial era as a short cut across the Ayeyarwddy Delta. Though main business is agriculture and fishery, pottery is still high light the town and it can be commonly found in Twante. It is originated of making pot for many years since the ancient time. The villagers are usually busy with molding the items on the potter-wheels, baking, designing and applying ceramic. Mon-built Cedi; Shwesandaw Pagoda is just a few years younger than famous Shwedagon Pagoda.
Places to see
• Shwe Sandaw Pagoda
• Baundawgyoke Pagoda
Shwe Sandaw Pagoda
Shwe Sandaw Pagoda also claims that the Pagoda was built during the lifetime of the Lord Buddha. Venerable monk Leidi U Pannavamsa Maha Thera compiled a chronicle of Twante Shwe Sandaw Pagoda, based upon old Myanmar manuscripts such as palm leaves, parabeiks (folding papers) stone and bell inscriptions.
It is on the motor-way from Yangon to Twante. There is a group of pagodas and religious buildings. In this religious area, everybody is a vegetarian.