Putao, considered the most important town of the current northern Myanmar and located in Kachin State, is unique, historic and built at the foot of the world's highest mountains (Himalayas). We can get there by air through Mandalay with regular departures by domestic flights.
The ethnic minorities are Yawan and Lisu living for hundreds of years. Putao is called "Hkamti Long", which in the local language of the area means "Great Place of Gold" since it has varieties of plants, especially Black Orchid.
Places to see
• Kanugmulon Pagoda
• Nam Htu Koo
• Hkakabo Razi Mountain
• Hkati Long
A small administrative town 22 km south Putao. Beautifully set up with colonial style, connected by 211 meter long Malikha suspension bridge. On a hill near Machanbaw is the so-called "Stone Dragon", a natural rock formation that looks like a giant dragon.
Meaning in Lisu “the village stands in the thatch field along Mula River ”. Beautifully set up Lisu village lies 14 km south of Putao connected by 159 meter long suspension bridge and provides a fascinating view to the mountains as a backdrop.
A historic Buddhist monument with full of ancient art, situates about 18 km north-east of Putao across Malikha river.
Originally by Hkamti name meaning “Golden river” but later transformed in to a large Rawan village, situate at the bottom of Namhti mountain range, rich with biodiversity of flora and fauna. Famous for its production of Grapefruit, Washington Naval, Vlincha, Ruby and King Oranges and Maerica Lime which once introduced by missionary from USA.
Nam Htu Koo
A large Lisu village, situate 20 km west of Putao on the cross road to blazing 3495 meters high Mt. Lancrumadin, one of the prominent mountains is the area. A perfect overnight trek or day return bike from Putao. Agriculture is of main source of living thus Namhtunkoo has a large plain of rice field fill with much of activities especially during the harvest Nov/Dec which should not be missed.
The last frontier town, situated 125 km north of Putao at an altitude of 500 meters above sea. Nomung Township probably is one of the most sparsely populated areas in Asia having two people per square mile ratio. Inhabitat by several species of snakes, tiger, leopard, bear, monkeys, samba, barking deer, Black Mountain, goat mole and birds. And there live Takin, red mountain goat, flying squirrel and domesticated wild ox (mythun) on the mountains in the northern part of
Situates about 60 kilometers west of Putao with an altitude at 1040 meters. Ziyadum is one of the last frontier villages in Myanmar. Inhabitants are predominately Rawan tribe. This area is beautiful with pristine forests and fast flowing rivers. Ziyadum is center points for many mountains in the areas such as Phonyin, Ziya, Pangram and Phungam which all are of snow-capped during winter.
Hkakabo Razi Mountain
Hkakabo Razi Mountain and other snow-capped mountains are visible from Putao. Putao attracts also enthusiasts, hiking to Khakaborazi base camp, located close to Tahaundam.
Hkakaborazi region is recognized to be one of the richest areas in the world in terms of biological resources incorporating rare, endangered and unknown and unrecorded flora and fauna. Due to its unique biodiversity, Hkakaborazi region is considered as Asiatic center of endemic and repository of origin of the angiosperm flora.
Hkamti Long (also Khamti Long) is the former name of the princely state around the city of Putao settled by the Hkamti Shan people. The name means "Great Place of Gold" in the Hkamti Shan language. Nowadays, there are Rawang and Lisu nationalities which are already regarded as Kachin nationalities. The seven-day-trek to West-Putao's mountain region, in which explorers found that there are Hta Lone (Hta Rone) ethnic whose height are lower than four feet. The population of this ethnic minority is so few nowadys that they are facing the threat of being extinct. The area covered by Hkamti Long may have included parts of what is now Kachin State (where Putao is located) as well as that of Shan State.
The Manau Festival
The Kachins believe that Manau was first celebrated by birds, fish and butterflies. This festival was first introduced to the people by Jawa Rumja (Tingli Yaw) who married a woman descendant of the Madai Spirit (Shy Spirit). Jawa Rumja inherited this festival from his father-in-law and celebrated the Manau at “Hkrang Hku Major” for the first time. His grandson Sut Madau again celebrated Manau at “Nau ra yang ga” for the second time. A 100 years after the second Manau, Kumja Magam celebrated the festival at “Ningrang Ga” for the third time, followed by Matsaw “N Hkum Wa” at the same place. Following this tradition Kachins have been celebrating this festival right up to the present time.
The Manau feast is nothing but a worshipping ceremony of the ancient Madai Spirit. When the Madai Spirit conveyed this worshipping tradition to the people, he also mandated many promises to be kept. The worshipping ceremony to the people is accompanied by the Manau dance, whenever it is performed.
The public dance along with drums and gongs is a sign of happiness and celebration. Fasting for a day after the festivals is a must. The Madai Spirit is invited as the main participant of all spirits and when the festival is over all of them must be sent back to their original places. It is celebrated strictly either for four days or eight days. The Manau must be celebrated only by those who have the right to worship the Madai Spirit.